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Pomatoschistus minutus

Species biology: The sand goby inhabits shores of the NE Atlantic and the Baltic Sea. Its behaviours and reproductive strategies include exclusive paternal care with males building nests under mussel shells. The sand goby is euryhaline i.e. it is able to adapt to a wide range of salinities, however, not to fresh water. Sand goby life stages from pelagic fry to adults are staple food for cod and other large commercial fishes.

Rationale for genome sequencing: The sand goby is a small and experimentally tractable fish, which is exceptionally well-studied when it comes to reproductive biology and behavioural ecology. It is also used e.g. in studies of adaptive genetic evolution in different seawater environments. Phylogenetically it has an interesting position with respect to teleost evolution and the family of gobies has a worldwide distribution with 2000 species of gobies making generalizations and comparative studies possible.

Key references: : Forsgren et al. 1996 Evolution, Jones et al. 2001 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, Larmuseau et al. 2010 Molecular Ecology, Larmuseau et al. 2010 Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Saaristo et al. 2009 Hormones and Behavior, Pampoulie et al. 2004 Heredity, Svensson and Kvarnemo 2007 Behavioral Ecology, Adrian-Kalchhauser et al2017 BMC Genomics.

Estimated Genome size: 1.0 Gbp

Available sequence information: Annotation ongoing 

Genome sequencing progress: (last updated 2016-08-25)
Illumina libraries, bp:160, 200, 350, 510, 2 300, 6 000
Total sequences data, Gbp - 74
Total size assembly, Gbp - 1.7
Scaffold NG50, bp - 53 000
Max scaffold size, bp - 564 000
RNA-seq from five tissues (liver, spleen, brain, testis, ovary)

Additional genetic resources: Microsatellite markers available

Other resources: Exceptionally well described reproductive behaviour. The sand goby reproductive behaviour has been the focus of several Swedish and Finnish PhD projects.

Population genetics and phylogenies of the sand goby and the monophyletic Eastern Atlantic-Mediterranean ‘sand goby’ group (Pomatoschistus, Gobiusculus, Knipowitschia and Economidichthys).

Well described parasite faunas of several species of the ‘sand goby’ group’ including the sand goby.

In culture: Common garden set-up using wild caught juveniles established. Culture in progress.

Contact: Ola Svensson - ola.svensson@sh.se, Lotta Kvarnemo - lotta.kvarnemo@bioenv.gu.se
Bioinformatician: Magnus Alm Rosenblad - magnus.almrosenblad@marine.gu.se, Tomas Larsson - tomas.larsson@marine.gu.se

IMAGO marine model species
Page Manager: Eva Marie Rödström|Last update: 6/18/2017

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